版本号大小比较

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缘由:

在逛博客的时候发现一篇好玩的文章「Bash比较版本号」,想起来之前有过类似的想法,但一直没有去实现,现在好了,有现成的版本可用了^_^

原文给出了用Bash编程实现的版本比较代码,后来我又找到了Python实现的版本,以后再看看有没有用PHP或C语言实现的版本,没有的话可以参照着自己实现一下,就当是做个练习了。

参考解答:
一个选择是sort命令(GNU coreutils >= 7):
$ sort --version
sort (GNU coreutils) 8.21
Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Written by Mike Haertel and Paul Eggert.

$ sort --help
...
  -V, --version-sort          natural sort of (version) numbers within text
...

$ printf '2.4.5\n2.8\n2.4.5.1\n' | sort -V
2.4.5
2.4.5.1
2.8
另一个更通用的选择是Bash编程实现(不依赖任何外部工具):
#!/bin/bash
vercomp () {
    if [[ $1 == $2 ]]
    then
        return 0
    fi
    local IFS=.
    local i ver1=($1) ver2=($2)
    # fill empty fields in ver1 with zeros
    for ((i=${#ver1[@]}; i<${#ver2[@]}; i++))
    do
        ver1[i]=0
    done
    for ((i=0; i<${#ver1[@]}; i++))
    do
        if [[ -z ${ver2[i]} ]]
        then
            # fill empty fields in ver2 with zeros
            ver2[i]=0
        fi
        if ((10#${ver1[i]} > 10#${ver2[i]}))
        then
            return 1
        fi
        if ((10#${ver1[i]} < 10#${ver2[i]}))
        then
            return 2
        fi
    done
    return 0
}

testvercomp () {
    vercomp $1 $2
    case $? in
        0) op='=';;
        1) op='>';;
        2) op='<';;
    esac
    if [[ $op != $3 ]]
    then
        echo "FAIL: Expected '$3', Actual '$op', Arg1 '$1', Arg2 '$2'"
    else
        echo "Pass: '$1 $op $2'"
    fi
}

# Run tests
# argument table format:
# testarg1   testarg2     expected_relationship
echo "The following tests should pass"
while read -r test
do
    testvercomp $test
done << EOF
1            1            =
2.1          2.2          <
3.0.4.10     3.0.4.2      >
4.08         4.08.01      <
3.2.1.9.8144 3.2          >
3.2          3.2.1.9.8144 <
1.2          2.1          <
2.1          1.2          >
5.6.7        5.6.7        =
1.01.1       1.1.1        =
1.1.1        1.01.1       =
1            1.0          =
1.0          1            =
1.0.2.0      1.0.2        =
1..0         1.0          =
1.0          1..0         =
EOF

echo "The following test should fail (test the tester)"
testvercomp 1 1 '>'
用Python实现的版本:
#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding=utf-8

import re

def mycmp(version1, version2):
    def normalize(v):
        return [int(x) for x in re.sub(r'(\.0+)*$','', v).split(".")]
    return cmp(normalize(version1), normalize(version2))

assert mycmp("1", "1") == 0
assert mycmp("2.1", "2.2") < 0
assert mycmp("3.0.4.10", "3.0.4.2") > 0
assert mycmp("4.08", "4.08.01") < 0
assert mycmp("3.2.1.9.8144", "3.2") > 0
assert mycmp("3.2", "3.2.1.9.8144") < 0
assert mycmp("1.2", "2.1") < 0
assert mycmp("2.1", "1.2") > 0
assert mycmp("5.6.7", "5.6.7") == 0
assert mycmp("1.01.1", "1.1.1") == 0
assert mycmp("1.1.1", "1.01.1") == 0
assert mycmp("1", "1.0") == 0
assert mycmp("1.0", "1") == 0
assert mycmp("1.0", "1.0.1") < 0
assert mycmp("1.0.1", "1.0") > 0
assert mycmp("1.0.2.0", "1.0.2") == 0
另一个Bash编程实现的版本(暂未测试):
#!/bin/bash

do_version_check() {

   [ "$1" == "$2" ] && return 10

   ver1front=`echo $1 | cut -d "." -f -1`
   ver1back=`echo $1 | cut -d "." -f 2-`

   ver2front=`echo $2 | cut -d "." -f -1`
   ver2back=`echo $2 | cut -d "." -f 2-`

   if [ "$ver1front" != "$1" ] || [ "$ver2front" != "$2" ]; then
       [ "$ver1front" -gt "$ver2front" ] && return 11
       [ "$ver1front" -lt "$ver2front" ] && return 9

       [ "$ver1front" == "$1" ] || [ -z "$ver1back" ] && ver1back=0
       [ "$ver2front" == "$2" ] || [ -z "$ver2back" ] && ver2back=0
       do_version_check "$ver1back" "$ver2back"
       return $?
   else
           [ "$1" -gt "$2" ] && return 11 || return 9
   fi
}

do_version_check "$1" "$2"

情况比较简单的时候可以用下面的命令试试:

$ echo '2.4.5
2.8
2.4.5.1
2.10.2' | sort -t '.' -k 1,1 -k 2,2 -k 3,3 -k 4,4 -g
参考链接:

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